In other words, you should highlight how these theoretical concepts are connected with these methods in a larger knowledge framework and explain their relevance in examining the purpose, problem and questions of your study. A Research Method represents the technical steps involved in conducting the research.
Details about the methods focus on characterizing and defining them, but also explaining your chosen techniques, and providing a full account on the procedures used for selecting, collecting and analyzing the data. The methodology section is very important for the credibility of your article and for a professional academic writing style. Readers, academics and other researchers need to know how the information used in your academic article was collected.
The research methods used for collecting or generating data will influence the discoveries and, by extension, how you will interpret them and explain their contribution to general knowledge. This type of data is already available, in different forms, from a variety of sources. External secondary data research — represents a study that uses existing data on a certain research subject from government statistics, published market research reports from different organizations, international agencies such as IMF, World Bank, etc.
Primary data Primary data represent data originated for the specific purpose of the study, with its research questions. The methods vary on how Authors and Researchers conduct an experiment, survey or study, but, in general, it uses a particular scientific method. This type of study uses deductive reasoning and established theories as a foundation for the hypotheses that will be tested and explained.
Qualitative research or interpretative research focuses on analytically disclosing certain practices or behaviors, and then showing how these behaviors or practices can be grouped or clustered to lead to observable outcomes.
This type of research is more subjective in nature, and requires careful interpretation of the variables. Readers need to understand how the information was gathered or generated in a way that is consistent with research practices in a field of study. For instance, if you are using a multiple choice survey, the readers need to know which questionnaire items you have examined in your primary quantitative research. Similarly, if your academic article involves secondary data from FED or Eurostat it is important to mention the variables used in your study, their values, and their time-frame.
For primary research, that involve surveys, experiments or observations, for a valuable academic article, Authors should provide information about:.
In most cases, there is a wide variety of methods and procedures that you can use to explore a research topic in your academic article. The methods section should fully explain the reasons for choosing a specific methodology or technique. For secondary research methods, describe how the data was originally created, gathered and which institution created and published it.
For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study , considering the literature review outline and format , and the following sections. A common limitation of academic articles found in research papers is that the premises of the methodology are not backed by reasons on how they help achieve the aims of the article. Data Analysis Methods This section should also focus on information on how you intend to analyze your results.
Define and explain the problems which you seek to address. Give an overview of your approach to primary research in order to guide the reader and contextualise your methodology. By identifying all methodological aspects to which to will attend — rationale, justification, sampling issues, etc. The ability to reproduce the results of an experiment is a hallmark of proper scientific method; in the humanities also, reproducibility indicates greater credibility and usefulness.
Provide a detailed description of your techniques, such that those wishing to challenge your position could, if they wished, reproduce the same research. Consider whether your research methodology is typical of comparable research projects within your particular subject area. A review of the relevant literature will doubtless find some comparable endeavours, in which case the adoption of those methodologies may lend authority to your approach.
It is absolutely essential that you provide sound reasons for the methods your have chosen to conduct your research. This aspect is particularly important when adopting a novel or non-standard methodology.
Approaches at odds with comparable endeavours require considerable rigorous justification. No matter what type of research, there are almost always a number of methodological approaches available. In your rationale, critically evaluate alternate approaches in order to defend the methods you have finally chosen.
Weigh up the pros and cons of all relevant alternatives, including your own choice. Essential considerations in all types of research, issues of reliability and validity must be explicitly discussed. Many matters fall under this area, including accuracy, precision, sources of error and statistical significance. Questions concerning sampling techniques and sample size can be considered under reliability and validity, but are often important enough to be given special attention.
The impact of sample size upon statistical significance of your results is an issue of such importance that you should be mindful of this when designing and writing up your methodology. Keep your methodology chapter focussed and lucidly written by appending indirectly relevant material to the end of your dissertation writing.
Copies of questionnaires and other methodological material should usually be placed in the appendix. Include a section in your methodology which directly addresses the question of how far data obtained through your approach can be generalised. Bear this issue in mind when designing your methodology too, as results with general significance outside of your direct data set will tend to increase the persuasiveness of your eventual findings. Recent Posts How often should you reference?
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Writing Methodology at the Core of the Research Paper. A well laid out and logical methodology section will provide a solid backbone for the entire research paper, and will lead to a strong results section.
The methodology should be linked back to the literature to explain why you are using certain methods, and the academic basis of your choice. If you are submitting as a single thesis, then the Methodology should explain what you did, with any refinements that you made as your work progressed.
The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? And, how was it analyzed? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense. To address how to write a methodology, in the Methodology section of your dissertation you have to justify and explain your choice of methodologies employed in your research. You don’t however have to explain the methodological .
The method section is an important part of a psychology paper, detailing the procedures in an experiment. Learn how to write a method section. This is the heart of the methodology but is not, by itself, a methodology. This is the part of your methodology where you clearly explain your process for gathering and analysing data, or for approaching your research question.