Skip Nav

Free Coursework


❶All three of them, spend their summer exploring the Radley house, home of Boo Radley.

Downloading prezi...

Who can edit:
Be Book-Smarter.
Something bad happened. Sorry.

The following entry provides criticism on Lee's novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Lee's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird has remained enormously popular since its publication in In the three years surrounding the trial, Scout and her older brother, Jem, witness the unjust consequences of prejudice and hate while at the same time witnessing the values of courage and integrity through their father's example.

The heroic character of Atticus Finch has been held up as a role model of moral virtue and impeccable character for lawyers to emulate.

To Kill a Mockingbird has endured as a mainstay on high school and college reading lists. It was adapted to film in as a major motion picture starring Gregory Peck. To Kill a Mockingbird is set in the small, rural town of Maycomb, Alabama, during the early s. The character of Atticus Finch, Scout's father, was based on Lee's own father, a liberal Alabama lawyer and statesman who frequently defended African Americans within the racially prejudiced Southern legal system.

Scout and her brother Jem are raised by their father and by Calpurnia, an African-American housekeeper who works for the family. Scout and Jem meet and befriend seven-year-old Dill Harris, a boy who has arrived in Maycomb to stay with his aunt for the summer. Lee has stated that the character of Dill is based on young Truman Capote, a well-known Southern writer and childhood friend.

Local myth holds that Boo eats live squirrels and prowls the streets at night, and the children's perception of him is colored by such tales. In the fall, Dill returns to his family in the North and Scout enters the first grade. Scout and Jem begin to discover mysterious objects, designed to intrigue children, hidden in a tree on the Radley property. Mayella and her shiftless father, Bob Ewell, live in abject poverty on the outskirts of town.

The family is known as trouble and disliked by townspeople. Despite this, Atticus's defense of Tom is unpopular in the white community, and Scout and Jem find themselves taunted at school due to their father's defense of a black man. Atticus consistently strives to instill moral values in his children, and hopes to counteract the influence of racial prejudice.

The children view their father as frustratingly staid and bookish, until he is asked by the sheriff to shoot a rabid dog that is roaming the street. After Atticus kills the dog, Scout and Jem learn that their father is renowned as a deadly marksman in Maycomb County, but that he chooses not to use this skill, unless absolutely necessary.

Scout's aunt, Alexandra, unexpectedly arrives to reside with the Finch family, announcing it is time someone reined in the children. She makes it her mission to counteract Atticus's liberal influence on the children and to instill ladylike virtues in the tomboyish Scout.

The night before the trial of Tom Robinson is to begin, a group of local men threaten a lynching, but Scout inadvertently disrupts their plan when she recognizes the father of a schoolmate in the crowd of would-be lynchers.

When the trial begins, Atticus tries to protect his children from the anger and prejudice they would hear; however, Scout, Jem, and Dill sneak into the courtroom and sit in the balcony with the black community.

Mayella and her father testify that Tom raped Mayella after he was asked onto their property to break up an old chifforobe into firewood. Atticus, however, proves Tom's innocence by demonstrating that while Mayella's face was beaten and bruised on her right side, Tom's left arm had been rendered completely useless by an earlier injury.

Therefore, Atticus concludes, Tom could not possibly be the left-handed assailant who struck Mayella on the right side of her face. Atticus further suggests that it was Bob, Mayella's father, who beat her, and that, in fact, no rape occurred. Before the jury departs to deliberate, Atticus appeals to their sense of justice, imploring them not to allow racial prejudice to interfere with their deliberations. However, after two hours, the jury returns with a guilty verdict, sentencing Tom to be executed for rape.

Later, Tom is shot to death during an attempt to escape from jail. The following fall, Bob Ewell, incensed by Atticus's treatment of him during the trial, attacks Scout and Jem with a knife as they are walking home from a school Halloween pageant. Boo Radley, secretly observing the scene, intervenes in the scuffle, and Bob Ewell is stabbed and killed in the process. This was significant because Boo ended up being Scouts guardian. There are a few instances like this where Boo protected Scout from various things.

Supporting Detail Body Sentences 3 What should you do first? Before beginning paragraph 3? See what your last main point is. Then, create the topic sentence. Last but not least, Boo really influenced Scout. Beginning the Body Paragraph 3 Context Sentence: Atticus has the biggest influence on Scout. During the Tom Robinson case, Atticus gave Scout a trick to tell if the witness was telling the truth or lying.

This quote is significant because he teaches Scout how to be a good listener in various situations. The second character that had a big influence on Scout was Atticus.

Then, work on the Clincher Sentence which comes at the end of the paragraph. Be sure this wraps up what you were just talking about. Once you have completed your topic sentence, turn to a partner to share what you have written. When a child is growing up, there are always people that help them to mature. There are family members, teachers, idols, and friends. Aunt Alexandra orders that Calpurnia be fired because she is a black woman, seems to be too close to the children and she took Scout and Jem to her church, which is a church mainly for the Negroes , , which if not already implied, is not idealistic during that set time period.

What is at the same time surprising and not, is how ignorant society is toward a certain group or groups of people. In this case, public insensitivity is directed toward the black community. Many who are ostracized do not know what they have done wrong or how they managed to create that type of social barrier between them and the world, but that is what segregation typically is.

In To Kill a Mockingbird, there is always the distance between the blacks and whites, within churches, families, and even in court. In the very next chapter, even Scout and Jem see it to be unfair. It was as if the rest of Maycomb gave no thought to the truth or admit to it. Their insensitivity became an obstacle in whether or not an innocent man should die, with even the killers themselves subconsciously knowing he was innocent Injustice is inevitable and spread throughout every little and large corner of the world.

There are social, economic, and racial discriminations, or even separations within schools and families.

How to Cite This Study Guide

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Privacy FAQs

In To Kill a Mockingbird, there is always the distance between the blacks and whites, within churches, families, and even in court. Despite Atticus’ efforts to prove Tom Robinson innocent (which he obviously was), because of the fact that he is black, the jury announced him to be guilty ().

About Our Ads

a literary analysis of the novel "To Kill a Mockingbird", by Harper Lee Jem Finch - To Kill A Mockingbird To Kill A Mockingbird: Coming Of Age Of Jeremy Finch To Kill A Mockingbird: Courage Of Atticus Finch To Kill A Mockingbird: Literary Analysis To Kill A Mockingbird: Prejudice In Maycomb To Kill A Mockingbird: The Brave Jem Finch Atticus Finch as a Heroic Character in to Kill a Mockingbird To Kill . To Kill A Mockingbird Literary Analysis The most vital topic of To Kill a Mockingbird is the book’s investigation of the ethical idea of individuals—that is, regardless of whether individuals are basically great or basically detestable.

Cookie Info

To Kill A Mockingbird is a classic piece of American literature written by Harper Lee. She illustrates a theme of the intolerance of prejudice and the quick judgments of others. The book takes the reader back to the ’s in a small town known as Maycomb. To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee (Born Nelle Harper Lee) American novelist. The following entry provides criticism on Lee's novel To Kill a Mockingbird. See also Harper Lee Contemporary Literary.