Public Opinion Quarterly , summer , Vol. In , opposition was generally much higher for everyone; most respondents expressed at least some to strong disapproval of same-sex marriage in , which was then reduced for the highly educated, urban residents, and those with less conservative or no religious affiliations… But, by , support for same-sex marriage was much more broad-based, and opposition to same-sex marriage became more localized to specific subgroups — older Americans, southerners, African Americans, evangelical Protestants, and Republicans.
The decomposition analysis finds that changing same-sex marriage attitudes are not due to demographic changes in the American population. Rather, the liberalization in same-sex marriage attitudes from to is due primarily to a general societal change in attitudes, as is evidenced by the large change in the constant. Taken together, the results suggest that changing attitudes toward same-sex marriage reflect a cultural shift.
It is particularly salient for social workers to keep abreast of legislation that is impacting vulnerable and disenfranchised populations. Since the social work profession espouses social justice values for those who are oppressed, inclusion of gays and lesbians in this mission must take a higher priority, especially in light of the social capriciousness that has recently emerged.
This article provides a history of the policies that have framed the current national debate about same-sex marriage as well as recent judicial and legislative changes. A summary of the social and economic consequences to same-sex marriage bans will be provided along with social work implications. Journal of Family Issues , , Vol. These data were gathered prior to the California Supreme Court decision in May legalizing same-sex marriage, which held sway for 5 months before California Proposition 8 eliminating same-sex marriage was passed by a voter referendum.
In addition to administering three quantitative measures Gay and Lesbian Acceptance and Social Support Index, Anticipated Impact of Marriage Scale, and The Couple Satisfaction Index , a qualitative approach to inquiry was used to derive themes in the reported experiences of the study participants.
Social Science Journal , September , Vol. After the legitimization, The New York Times became an activist for gay marriage. Alternatively, the Chicago Tribune highlighted the importance of human morality associated with the gay marriage debate. The perspective of the Chicago Tribune was not dramatically influenced by the legitimization.
Journal of Social Issues , June , Vol. The campaign created opportunities for support but also opportunities for stigmatization and conflict. The bill could be crafted in a way so the church is not involved. Marriage would take place in a courtroom. Marriage is a right every individual is entitled to. Social Security benefits upon death, disability or retirement of spouse, as well as benefits for minor children, workers' compensation protections for the family of a worker injured on the job, exemptions from estate taxes when a spouse dies, exemptions from federal income taxes on spouse's health insurance are all denied to same sex couples.
Ideal image of a family. Father and mother figure. Parents would still rather see their children find someone who loves them and be happy. Civil unions versus marriage. Civil unions are separate and unequal. Heterosexual people can be in a civil union but homosexual people cannot get married. There are no benefits associated with a civil union. Civil unions are not recognized state to state. The battle over same-sex marriage will be forever ongoing. Same-sex marriage has been in history for decades.
Design of the bill. Restate Main arguments as well as counterarguments. Legalizing same-sex marriage will create equality. In early times, same-sex marriage was not considered taboo and in many cultures, it was encouraged. Random History explains that in the early civilizations of Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, the union between couples of the same-sex was recognized by the kingdom. Same-sex marriages were often believed to be more pure than a heterosexual marriage. Marriage was believed to be the union of two people based on love.
A marriage consisting of two males or two females, if women had the right to get married, was not frowned upon. It was not until the rise of Christianity that a negative attitude towards same-sex marriage became introduced. The belief that marriage was based on procreation and any relationship that was non-procreative began to increase in many societies.
Japanese Buddhism records the most tolerant attitude toward homosexuality, praising it for its mystery. Today, there are no religious or political limitations on homosexual behavior in Japan.
Sexuality is considered a private matter and lacks any restrictions. Other things, such as mixed race relationships were considered more offensive than homosexuality. Random History also explains how in the thirteenth century, the first laws banning sodomy were introduced and were strictly enforced. Through the next centuries, homosexual behavior became deviant and was punished. Due to the belief that homosexual behavior was wrong, the belief that heterosexual relationships were normal became popular among the majority of countries.
By the nineteenth century, heterosexuality became the most believed standard for relationships. Although the debate for same-sex marriage became noticeably public in the late twentieth century, it was not until during a Hawaiian case, that the issue became national news. The ruling of the case stated that the restriction of marriage and its benefits to opposite-sex couples were unconstitutional.
By that same year, a majority of states passed laws prohibiting same-sex marriage. Since then, states have defined their own definition of marriage. Despite the fact that the debate over same-sex marriage is relatively new in the United States, five states have made same-sex marriage legal, as well as Washington D. In California, the marriage is only recognized if it was before proposition 8. Ballot Pedias research explains how proposition 8 is a statewide ballot proposition in California.
The people of California voted for the illegalization of same-sex marriage. Though some people are against same-sex marriages for religious reasons, not allowing same-sex marriages is discrimination. Same-sex marriages should be legalized because the discrimination same-sex couples receive is emotionally traumatic, and unfair.
The most influential reason against same-sex marriage is based on religion. Many people believe that procreation is the ideal reason for marriage. Their belief is that same-sex couples do not have the capability to produce children which is the basis for marriage. However, when two of the most influential religious icons discussed marriage, child bearing was not a reason for two people to get married.
Both men stressed how the quality of a relationship was the most important aspect for marriage. If marriage is reserved for having a child, then same-sex marriages are not an issue. Many same-sex couples employ artificial insemination to conceive a child. The two have a 21 year old daughter by artificial insemination. People marry each other. Sullivan also states how the church has blessed fields when crops have been planted, MX missiles, new houses, and warships whose sole purpose is to kill and destroy.
There is no reason the church should not bless a relationship in which two people vow to be faithful and love each other for all eternity. Supporters of same-sex marriage believe the bill to allow same-sex marriage should be crafted in a specific way that will help win votes from people of faith.
Legalizing same-sex marriage will create equality. Lauren Altergott. Ms. Woolley. The Injustice Involving Same-sex Marriage. In early times, same-sex marriage was not .
For my research paper, I challenged myself to write it about why same-sex marriage should not be legalized. After three days of research, I regret to inform you that, with the information I found, there is no logical reason whatsoever that same-sex couples should not be able to get married/5(2).
Points Research 3 Task B: The Annotated Bibliography 4 Putting the Pieces Together 11 The Overview 11 The Facts 11 The Final Conclusion 12 The Same-Sex Marriage Introduction and Background A marriage amongst two individuals of the same sex individuality and/or same genetic sex is known as gay marriage or same-sex marriage. The most fundamental issue when addressing same-sex marriage is the definition of marriage itself. A universally accepted definition has yet to be established because marriage is a delicate entanglement of personal intimacy and public declaration.4/5(12).
May 21, · Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage Thesis. The question regarding legalization of same-sex marriages relates to fundamental change of law not just nationally, but also internationally. Legalizing gay marriages is an important step towards the enforcement of the constitutional guarantee of equality of all before the law and equal protection of the law. marriage and in supporting the movement for same-sex marriage, but the institution of marriage would have undergone these changes regardless of any push for the acceptance of same-sex marriage. This paper will contend that acceptance of same-sex marriage will require changes in public attitudes.