At the time of the abolition of slavery movement, he wrote his famous essay On the Duty of Civil Disobedience. He went to gaol for the sake of his principles and suffering humanity. His essay has, therefore, been sanctified by suffering. Moreover, it is written for all time. Its incisive logic is unanswerable.
American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. In his autobiography, he wrote:. Here, in this courageous New Englander's refusal to pay his taxes and his choice of jail rather than support a war that would spread slavery's territory into Mexico, I made my first contact with the theory of nonviolent resistance.
Fascinated by the idea of refusing to cooperate with an evil system, I was so deeply moved that I reread the work several times. I became convinced that noncooperation with evil is as much a moral obligation as is cooperation with good.
No other person has been more eloquent and passionate in getting this idea across than Henry David Thoreau. As a result of his writings and personal witness, we are the heirs of a legacy of creative protest.
The teachings of Thoreau came alive in our civil rights movement; indeed, they are more alive than ever before. Whether expressed in a sit-in at lunch counters, a freedom ride into Mississippi, a peaceful protest in Albany, Georgia, a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama , these are outgrowths of Thoreau's insistence that evil must be resisted and that no moral man can patiently adjust to injustice. Existentialist Martin Buber wrote, of Civil Disobedience.
I read it with the strong feeling that here was something that concerned me directly It was the concrete, the personal element, the "here and now" of this work that won me over.
Thoreau did not put forth a general proposition as such; he described and established his attitude in a specific historical-biographic situation. He addressed his reader within the very sphere of this situation common to both of them in such a way that the reader not only discovered why Thoreau acted as he did at that time but also that the reader—assuming him of course to be honest and dispassionate— would have to act in just such a way whenever the proper occasion arose, provided he was seriously engaged in fulfilling his existence as a human person.
The question here is not just about one of the numerous individual cases in the struggle between a truth powerless to act and a power that has become the enemy of truth. It is really a question of the absolutely concrete demonstration of the point at which this struggle at any moment becomes man's duty as man Author Leo Tolstoy has cited Civil Disobedience as having a strong impact on his nonviolence methodology.
Others who are said to have been influenced by Civil Disobedience include: Putnam New York, Available at the Internet Archive. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 24 August Henry David Thoreau Core works and topics. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers.
Wendell Phillips Before the Concord Lyceum. John Brown Lyceum movement. Simple living Tax resistance. Emerson, 23 February Boston and New York: The Editor and G. Retrieved February 1, — via Internet Archive.
Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc. Archived from the original on May 3, Retrieved September 22, Commentary on Today's Social and Political Issues: Mahatma Gandhi used civil disobedience because he knew that it was the only way that the Indian people could fight the Great Britain laws.
Gandhi also said that Satyagrahis was a peaceful form of civil disobedience and violence is prohibited even when it would be in their favor. Another thing that Gandhi view on civil disobedience held was that when a person decide to be a part of the movement that he knows the consequences and is willing to pay the penalties for his actions. Satyagrahis used news journals and books to inform the people about what was happening, which was a good way to keep all the member informed.
When all the does steps went into action Gandhi and a lot of Satyagrahis followers where send to jail. Gandhi strong believe in hi Satyagrahis was what helped him and the rest of the Indian community stop their prosecutors and gain some freedom for his people. Gandhi believed that his use for civil disobedience was justified because Great Britain and their government was treating the Indian unfair and would keep doing that until the Indian would stand up to them. In same way as Gandhi used civil disobedience to protect his people from racial prosecution Martin Luther King Jr.
King believed that only way to get his point across is by taking action but he just like Gandhi believed that the action that has to be taking should be in form of non-violent protest and with out use of any physical force. King also says that to justify acts of civil disobedience you must have prove that wrong is been done to you and have fact to prove why you are opposing something or someone.
King justified his act of civil disobedience by show that there was a lot of hatred towards the Negroes by the country police and court systems. He then say that after you have prove of that wrong is been done upon you try to show your fact to the opposite side and try to negotiate and come up with a solution that favors both sides. King tried to negotiate with the political government but they refused to talk to him.
Then he tried to take his negotiations to the economic community where he tried to come to some kind of compromise. Just as Gandhi said to his people King also told his people that the direct action they take would have to be done in a non-violent matter with never using any physical force against the opposition.
He also told his followers as Gandhi told his that you would have to know the consequences and would be able to pay the penalties without and striking back with physical. There were such cases during the time of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Civil disobedience is justified when its goal is to obtain equal rights and service for everyone, without causing physical damage to people and their property, and without breaking the just laws that are already enforced.
He recommended passive resistance as a form of tension that could lead to reform of unjust laws practiced by the government. Thoreau felt that the government had established order that resisted reform and change. Thoreau refused to pay the poll tax because the money was being used to finance the Mexican War.
Not only was Thoreau against the war itself but the war was over Texas which was to be used as a slave state. He believed strongly against paying money to a war he did not support, and would rather end up in jail than go against his will.
It was important to Thoreau to get the public informed about the War, and make people think why it was wrong to support it. His statements were to get people to think and take their own approach to the situation. Behind his words, Emerson means that he should follow his conscience regardless of what side it is on.
In making this comment, Emerson urges us to not conform to society and do what is believe to be justice, which in fact can lead to civil disobedience just as Martin Luther king displayed.
The term civil disobedience means “refusal to obey civil laws in an effort to induce change in governmental policy or legislation, characterized by nonviolent means”, theories on this term have been around for a long time.
- Civil Disobedience of Antigone and Mrs. Hale Civil disobedience is the purposeful violation of a law to show that it is unconstitutional or morally defective. In the plays, Antigone and Trifles, the female main characters commit an act of civil disobedience.
When I converse with the freest of my neighbors, I perceive that, whatever they may say about the magnitude and seriousness of the question, and their regard for the public tranquillity, the long and the short of the matter is, that they cannot spare the protection of the existing government, and they dread the consequences to their property and . Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now!
Free Essay: Civil Disobedience Henry Thoreau wrote an essay about it in the 19th century. Martin Luther King, Jr. preached it in the South. Mahatma Gandhi. Civil Disobedience of Antigone and Mrs. Hale Civil disobedience is the purposeful violation of a law to show that it is unconstitutional or morally defective. In the plays, Antigone and Trifles, the female main characters commit an act of civil disobedience.