Arnolfini Portrait Oil on wood, National Gallery, London Painted in Bruges and crammed with complex symbolism, this work is one of the most famous panel paintings of the 15th century Flemish School of painting.
A favourite Biblical subject of Artemisia's, which is usually modelled on herself as Judith , and her rapist Agostino Tassi as Holofernes.
Old Man with a Young Boy Louvre Museum, Paris Ghirlandaio's work illustrates the humanistic strides made by Early Renaissance art and culture during the quattrocento. Scrovegni Chapel Frescoes c. Had a major influence on the art of the Florentine Renaissance.
The Isenheim Altarpiece c. The greatest expressionist altarpiece in the history of art; combines Gothic art, Bosch-like imagery and the latest German Renaissance painting techniques. Art critics have never fully understood it. Exemplifies Hals' lively and spontaneous style of portraiture, although ironically the sitter is neither a Cavalier nor is he laughing. Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam National Gallery, London Holbein's first major portrait, it turned him into an international artist.
Portrait of Thomas Cromwell National Portrait Gallery, London Cromwell was Holbein's main sponsor during his second visit to England, and the his career never fully recovered from Cromwell's downfall in This now hangs in the National Gallery in London.
Lady with an Ermine Oil on panel, Czartoryski Museum, Krakow One of only a tiny handful of portraits completed by the Florentine genius Leonardo da Vinci, this painting was commissioned by Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, Leonardo's main employer between the years and It exemplifies Leonardo's matchless oil painting technique, including the device of sfumato.
Lamentation over the Dead Christ c. Camera degli Sposi frescoes Fresco, Camera Picta, Ducal Palace, Mantua One of the most famous examples of Early Renaissance illusionistic painting, the ceiling and mural frescoes in this commonplace reception room at the Ducal Palace in Mantua, are characterized by trompe l'oeil painting techniques like quadratura. Annunciation Triptych with St. Ansanus Uffizi Gallery, Florence Martini's greatest work, this exquisite Gothic altarpiece was created for a side chapel in the Siena Cathedral.
The Tribute Money Fresco mural, Brancacci Chapel Another mural from the Brancacci Chapel fresco cycle, it is noted for its scientific linear perspective, humanistic aesthetics and three-dimensional figures. Holy Trinity Fresco mural, Santa Maria Novella, Florence An iconic work of Early Renaissance painting , it is noted for its outstanding application of single-point linear perspective.
The Last Judgment Triptych c. Painted a few years before the Donne Triptych , National Gallery, London this is Memling's most important religious painting, linking Gothic art with that of the Florence Renaissance. Small-scale altarpiece with grisaille exterior, commissioned by the Welsh nobleman Sir John Donne of Kidwelly and executed in Bruges. Genesis Fresco Ceiling of Sistine Chapel, Rome Arguably the greatest exemplar of figurative painting in the history of art, this spectacular fresco decoration occupies about 1, square-metres of ceiling, illustrating events taken from the biblical Book of Genesis.
Together with the Genesis work, it is regarded as the greatest ever masterpiece of religious art. Christ Handing the Keys to Saint Peter Sistine Chapel, The Vatican, Rome One of the greatest works of Biblical art from the Italian Renaissance, it reinforces the dogma surrounding Papal authority and demonstrates the concept of linear perspective.
The Belleville Breviary Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris The most famous illuminated breviary known to 14th century French painting. Personal prayer-book created for the French Queen, Jeanne d'Evreux. A masterpiece of the Provencal school. It is believed to be a collaborative effort between Raphael and other assistants, such as Giulio Romano.
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. The commission was awarded to Rembrandt after his bankruptcy, indicating the high respect which he still commanded.
Suicide of Lucretia c. The Jewish Bride c. Return of the Prodigal Son Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg One of Rembrandt's last paintings, it represents his finest interpretation of a Biblical scene - in this case the famous parable of the lost son from St Luke's gospel. The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus Alte Pinakothek, Munich Complex mythological painting whose meaning remains debatable to this day. Sergius, it represents a highpoint of Russian medieval art.
Type the title of what you want into the HubPages search engine and you can pull them up. Or you can look at my "index" of articles: This article is so helpful. I am teaching an Expository writing course first time!
Would you have an example essay that I can show them as a model? Jevon--I'm glad you learned a bit about how to look at art and find it more interesting. We spent a lot of time going to art galleries this summer on vacation, and I really appreciated being able to use what I've learned about visual analysis when I was looking at the paintings.
Even though this article was meant to teach me how to write a better Visual Analysis Paper, this article really taught me how to better appreciate art. I'm not the type of person to go to an art gallery just to look at art, but now I believe I can actually give an intellectual thought on any painting I see.
Thanks for the comment nic. I probably need to add a link to my ariticle about organizing essays:. I also have tips on structure in most of my articles on types of essays like Argument, Problem Solution or Cause.
For a full list of all of my Essay Writing Articles see:. Excellent article; very comprehensive and useful, not just for students, but for anyone visiting an art gallery, too.
I had to do one of those in my English class way back when. It was fun but I wish I'd read this sooner Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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The historical context when it was produced and when it is viewed. Get the reader interested in the image by using one of the following methods: Describe the image vividly so the reader can see it.
Tell about how the image was created. Explain the purpose of the artist. Give interesting facts about the art or artist. Talk about a controversy or misunderstanding about the art. Your thesis will tell the meaning of this image see Analyzing the Meaning of the Image Body: Either give a final interesting fact or try one of the following: Compare the reception of the painting by the audience who first saw it with your own ideas, or with the way people today might interpret the picture.
Speculate on what the artist would think about the way his picture has been viewed over time. Compare this image to other similar images. Suggest how this piece of art fits into the works of an artist, or the ad campaign of a company. What sort of image will you be analyzing for your Visual Analysis Paper? Artwork such as a painting or drawing Sculpture or other 3 dimensional art Advertisement Video Photograph Other--tell us in the comments below See results.
How to Describe Images. Visual Elements of Design Element. How image is put together. Where things are placed in relationship to one another and to the space of the canvas.
What is main figure? How are other figures placed in relation to main figure? What is left out? The way different parts of an image are put together draws the viewers attention to some parts more than others. It also creates tone, mood and meaning. Which elements of design are most important in this piece color, line, texture, shape, form, value, size, text, movement. What is the focal point? What elements of design does the artist use to create the focal point? All of the colors as well as black, white and neutrals.
Monocromatic means using one color. Complementary means using colors opposite one another on the color wheel. What colors are used? How do these colors affect the tone, mood and meaning of the image?
Are colors used in predictable or unpredictable ways example: Color can create meaning by creating moods, highlighting particular parts of the image, connecting aspects of the image, or by being symbolic. How do lines draw your attention towards or away from certain parts of the picture? Texture is how rough or smooth something is, or the pattern it has. Texture can be real on 3 dimensional art, or represented on 2 dimensional art.
Where is texture in the image and how does this texture create an expectation in the audience of a particular touch sensation? The way in which the artist uses circles, squares, rectangles, ovals and other shapes in the art. How are shapes used in the art? Where does shape, or relationships between shapes help your eye to focus? Our eyes tend to focus on familiar shapes and see shapes in two dimentional art through shading and use of light.
Where has the artist used shading or light to highlight some aspect of the image? Does some part of the image stand out as having 3 dimensions? Form can contribute to making an image seem more real, and also to add importance to a part of the picture.
How are light and dark used in this picture? Is there a symbolic use of light and dark? Does the artist use light or dark to highlight the focal point?
Value can be used along with color. Extreme changes in value createst contrast which often is used to provide meaning. Size can refer to the overall size of the image and also the relative size of items in the image.
Why did the artist choose this size for the piece? What is the meaning of the difference between sizes of elements in the image?
Specific parts of the design which have symbolic or historical meaning such as a cross for Christianity, or triangles for the Trinity. Are any of the aspects of this piece symbolic? Does the artist intend to use the symbolism directly or to invert it? For a simple introduction of the principles of design see the website of artist John. Principles of Design Principle. Symmetrical balance means things on both sides are even, asymmetrical balance means that the design is weighted on one side, radical balance means things are organized around a center point.
The artist usually uses size, texture, shape, color or some other element to make one part of the image stand out as the focal point. How your eye moves in a path through the picture, sometimes stopping to focus on certain parts. Where do your eyes go, and what makes your eyes move through the picture in a certain way.
If it is repeated, it is probably important to the meaning. You might want to find out what that image means. The relationship of sizes inside the piece of art, for example the size of one building to another, or a head to the body. Variety is the use of several elements of design to make the audience see the image as dynamic and in an active rhythm.
Taken from Getty Education Materials: Analyzing Meaning of Visual Images Although Visual Analysis Essays often focus a lot on the details of describing the image, you will also need a thesis which tells what the images mean.
Here are some typical ways to analyze images for meaning: Analyzing the meaning of the image for the artist and his or her time. Analyzing the meaning of the image for you and your time.
Analyzing the changes in the meaning of an image over the course of time. You can also use paragraphs to push yourself to include critical writing alongside descriptive writing or referencing, by considering each paragraph almost as an essay in miniature. Within each paragraph you would:. A certain amount of descriptive writing is essential, particularly in the earlier parts of the essay or assignment or dissertation. Beyond that, however, there is a danger that too much descriptive writing will use up valuable words from your word limit, and reduce the space you have for the critical writing that will get you higher marks.
A useful habit to get into is to make sure that, if you describe some evidence relevant to your argument, you need then to explain to the reader why it is relevant.
The logic of your explanation contributes to the critical component of your writing. So, a sentence or two might describe and reference the evidence, but this is not enough in itself. The next few sentences need to explain what this evidence contributes to the argument you are making. This may feel like duplication at first, or that you are explaining something that is obvious, but it is your responsibility to ensure that the relevance of the evidence is explained to the reader; you should not simply assume that the reader will be following the same logic as you, or will just work out the relevance of the quote or data you have described.
So far this study guide has considered the detail of what you write. The other key element in critical writing is the overall structure of your piece of writing. For maximum effectiveness, your writing needs to have a line, or lines of argument running through it from the Introduction to the Conclusion. Just as you have used paragraphs on a micro scale to present your critical writing, so you need to consider the ordering of those paragraphs within the overall structure. The aim is to lead your readers carefully through the thread of your argument, to a well-supported conclusion.
The author refers to the available evidence, but also evaluates the validity of that evidence, and assesses what contribution it can realistically make to the debate. You can see how the author is considering the available evidence, but also the limitations on that evidence, and will be taking all of this into account in drawing conclusions. It is always worth taking a critical look at your own writing before submitting it for assessment. The kinds of questions that might be useful to ask at that stage are:.
While a certain amount of description is necessary to set the context for your analysis, the main characteristic of academic writing is its critical element.
A useful way to check this balance in your own writing is to use two coloured pens and to mark in the margin whether the lines are descriptive or critical. The balance will change at different points, but you need to make sure there is enough of the colour that represents critical writing.
ART CRITICISM AND FORMAL ANALYSIS OUTLINE. ART CRITICISM. Defining Art Criticism · Art criticism is responding to, interpreting meaning, and making critical judgments about specific works of art. · Art critics help viewers perceive, interpret, and judge artworks.
Mar 21, · How to Write a Critical Analysis. Four Parts: Conducting a Critical Reading Writing an Effective Analysis Organizing the Review Sample Analyses Community Q&A. A critical analysis examines an article or other work to determine how effective the piece is at making an argument or point%(89).
All description and analysis should relate to your thesis. Suggested Structure for a Formal Analysis: Introduction: The introduction should identify the title of the work of art, the name of the artist, and the date when it was created. You may also indicate the medium, the . Writing a critical analysis of a painting The process of writing masters, which essays generally to the analysis of the in the other of the extraterrestrial, enabled the influence disabled research of in a list that was highly unbounded to the general to which takes other.
A critical analysis is subjective writing because it expresses the writer's opinion or evaluation of a text. Analysis means to break down and study the parts. Writing a critical paper requires two steps: critical reading and critical writing. How to Appreciate Paintings. Famous Paintings: Analysis and Interpretation Meaning of Pictures by Great Artists (c) Famous Paintings Analyzed. Listed A-Z By Artist. Unknown Artists This High Renaissance portrait depicts the eminent literary artist and thinker active at the court of Urbino during the early 16th century. It is.