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The Russian Revolution of 1917

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❶The wealthy were so out of touch with the majority of Russian society that they did not at first take seriously the signs of revolution around them; the many emerging political parties, the growing amount of strikes and assassinations, and the increasing incidences of violence in the countryside.

Russian Revolution Essay

The three important organizations were the liberal constitutionalists, the social revolutionaries, and the Marxists, who followed the ideas of Karl Marx. The liberal constitutionalists wanted a western form of parliament government to replace the rule of the czars.

The social revolutionaries wanted to start a revolution with the Russian peasants. The Marxists wanted a revolution with the city and town workers.

The march to St. Petersburg led by the Orthodox priest, Father Gapon ended in a bloody massacre. The goal of the march was to ask for a democratic elected assembly and a basic reform. The czar was not happy with this demonstration so his soldiers fired on the demonstrators, killing and wounding hundreds of them. Nicholas agreed to set up a parliament. The parliament system did not work out the way they were hoping to turn out.

There was three parliament systems that were set out, the first and second Nicholas ruled out because he did not want to give up power.

The third one was laid out and Nicholas changed the election laws so that less workers and peasants can vote. This whole period ended when This regime did not, in fact, dis A consulting council called the Duma was formed and In seven pages this report discusses the Russian Revolution of and the events that inspired it with Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevi However, as argued by the Bolsheviks in , most of the investments for the industry came One of these was Lenin.

The peasantry of Russia from had seen little real change in their living and working conditions, allowing continuous discontent due to their economic hardships and a harsh unsympathizing leader. Despite freedom from serfdom and the availability of government loans to buy land in , they were in reality still enslaved by the wealthy landowners to whom they were indebted.

In addition to this crushing debt, the peasantry would still use backward, inefficient agricultural methods using small strips of land. There was hardly enough land in comparison to the amount of peasants and mouths to feed, resulting in widespread famine.

The government charged incredibly heavy taxes on grain and other produce, as well as every day items such as wheat and alcohol. There were poor harvests in and creating great famines and mass starvation in the country side. Such poor conditions and a series of harsh seasons led to outbreaks of violence against local landlords, burning their houses and seizing land for themselves. In reality, the uneducated masses of peasants would most probably have support a revolution which would allow them to own their own land without debts and fair taxes.

The complaints of the peasants remained unheard by the leaders until certain political parties would rally to them in order to gain mass support for their causes.

The assassinations of landlords and taking over of land did little in the long run other than to show signs of discontent; it was not until they could be organized and united by a strong leader would their complaints be listened to. Some would go to the cities and join the working class; others would roam the country side for work. Nevertheless, only a small percentage of peasantry would see an improvement in their living conditions upon the outbreak of the First World War, resulting in the increased pressure for revolution.

The working class of the relatively new industrial centers went through waves of discontent from to the offset of the revolution. Terribly poor working, sanitary and living conditions caused the workers to itch for reform, firstly by means of peaceful protest, then repeated strikes and acts of violence. After , workers wages rose little, especially in comparison to inflation. In an industrial slump caused thousands of workers to lose their jobs. This created conditions for an outbreak of strikes, acts of violence and assassinations.

By there had been formed many parties which initially developed in the underground. Like most other revolutionary parties, they believed in the overthrow of the Tsarist regime and its replacement with a democratic, representative government. The Social Democratic Workers Party closely followed Marxist principles, believing that the road to a communist revolution was through different phases, including a intermediate capitalist stage. They believed that the working class would eventually rise up against their oppressive capitalist employers the dictatorship of the proletariat , and create a system where there would be no rankings and all citizens would be treated equally no matter what their occupation would be.

At the congress of this party in there were recognized two different groups which would split the party. The Bolsheviks, or majority, headed by Lenin, believed that the masses should be led by and elite party to which membership should be exclusive. In contrast, the Mensheviks, or minority led by Martov, believed that all people should be able to become members of the party. Even when sent to prison and exiled to Siberia for being a revolutionary, this vivacious leader would still write about the collapse of the regime which killed his older brother and which was still oppressing him.

He stressed the importance of the correct time to ignite revolution, and it was upon his return to Russia in that he knew the starved, war-torn and disillusioned country would be at boiling point in readiness to change. Until the Russian armed forces had suffered a series of humiliating military defeats leading to outbreaks of mutiny and abandonment.

The decisive defeats of the poorly organized Russian army against the Germans at Tannenberh and the Masurian lakes killed, wounded or took prisoner 8 million soldiers by Desertions began to be commonplace, the incompetent and ineffective officers allowed men to perish without ammunition or weapons, in the freezing cold without adequate weather protection. Upon return to their home towns or cities, the key force to change or its resistance was willing to support those revolutionaries who would end the war and slaughter of their comrades.

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The Russian revolution was not as many people suppose, one well organized even in which Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown. Lenin and the Bolsheviks took power.

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This essay aims to discuss the consequences and significance that the Russian revolution in , brought to the world and in Russia. It covers issues such as the changes in Russia and the world. Firstly, it looks at the changes in Russia.

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Essay on The Russian Revolution - The Russian Revolution Introduction. The early part of the 20th Century was an important and troubling time in Russia's History. Free Essay: The Russian Revolution of is a collective term for two so-called revolutions—one in February and one in October—that occurred in Russia in.

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The Russian Revolution of The Russian Revolution of was a rebellion of the Russian people against the rule of the Russian emperor, Nicholas II. Russia was going . The Russian Revolution of was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. It completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia.