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Citing References in Scientific Research Papers

How to Cite

❶Main Text is not divided into sub-headings for Reports.

Format and style of main manuscript

How to Cite a Journal Online in MLA
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How to Cite a Journal in Print in MLA

The complete list of authors will appear in the full citation at the end of your paper. Your Literature Cited should appear in alphabetical order by first author, and by year if there are multiple sources by the same author s. Underline journal and book titles, but not the titles of individual articles in journals or edited multi-authored books.

Use the following as examples for citing various kinds of sources with thanks to M. Glimpsing the hidden majority. Phosphotization of soft tissue in experiments and fossils. Journal of the Geological Society Seattle Times , January 5th, p. The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History.

Taphonomy and the fossil record. Chordate affinities of the conodonts. The complete web address should be presented so that anyone else could easily visit the same website. Attempt to include the following elements not all elements appear on all Web pages: URL full web address.

URL Link or address of a webpage. One example is http: Medium How a source or content piece was distributed or presented. Here is one example: Contributor Someone or an organization that helped produce a certain work.

For example, a film director, dance choreographer, orchestra conductor, etc. Author Creator often writer of a piece such as a book, script, play, article, podcast, comic, etc. Found in this journal most common An abstract compiled in another journal. Originally in print but found online Published directly online. Author Editor Compiler Translator.

Every issue restarts page numbering. Abstracts journal publication info. When content was published online or electronically. Location of the publisher. Company, individual, or entity that helped get a work published or distributed. How a source or content piece was distributed or presented.

Citation–Sequence and Citation–Name

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Scientific Style and Format presents three systems for referring to references (also known as citations) within the text of a journal article, book, or other scientific publication: 1) citation–sequence; 2) name–year; and 3) citation–name. These abbreviated references are called in-text references.

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When to Cite References in Scientific Research Papers. You should acknowledge a source any time (and every time) you use a fact or an idea that you obtained from that source. Thus, clearly, you need to cite sources for all direct quotations.

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As a rule of thumb, if there is more than one author of a source, simply use the first author's last name, followed by et al. (e.g. [Parsons et al. ]). This is Latin for "and others". The complete list of authors will appear in the full citation at the end of your paper. How to Cite a Journal in Print in MLA Include the author's name, the title of the article, the name of the journal, the series number/type of the journal (if given), the volume number (if given), the issue number (if given), the year of publication, the page numbers of the article, format.

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A short review or description of what you are citing. Date Accessed: When an online work was viewed. Electronically Published: When content was published online or electronically. This date is not always present on a webpage. Place of Publication: Location of the publisher. Citing References in the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.