Other experts have found that published replications do not have as many citations as original publications. Another important issue is citation errors, which often occur due to carelessness on either the researcher or journal editor's part in the publication procedure. Experts have found that simple precautions, such as consulting the author of a cited source about proper citations, reduce the likelihood of citation errors and thus increase the quality of research.
Research suggests the impact of an article can be, partly, explained by superficial factors and not only by the scientific merits of an article. Citation patterns are also known to be affected by unethical behavior of both the authors and journal staff. Such behavior is called impact factor boosting, and was reported to involve even the top-tier journals. Citation cartels are defined as groups of authors that cite each other disproportionately more than they do other groups of authors who work on the same subject.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For help making citations within Wikipedia, see Wikipedia: A Manual for Writers. Retrieved 20 May A Professional System of Citation, 4th ed. Aspen, , 3. Retrieved 18 January Archived from the original on April 30, Archived from the original on November 13, Principles, practices and problems. Scientific style and format: Archived from the original on December 28, Archived from the original on February 3, Citing History Sources from Artifacts to cyberspace.
University of Alberta , Augustana Campus, Canada. A new dimension in documentation through association of ideas". International Journal of Epidemiology.
International Journal of Research in Marketing. Fawlty Towers of Knowledge? Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences. Archived PDF from the original on What do citation counts measure? A review of studies on citing behavior. Journal of Documentation, 64 1 , Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.
Armstrong, J Scott July Institute of Management Sciences. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Modern Humanities Research Association. Pechenik, Jan A Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.
Additionally, sometimes you will have more than one idea within a sentence, and each idea will come from a separate source. When this is the case, you will have multiple in-text citations within the sentence. Review the guidelines of the particular type of writing style that you have been requested to use in writing your paper to determine the proper format for your in-text citations.
An example of an APA in-text citation would look like this: Jones and Jones discovered the principle of excitation. Alternatively, it may look like this: Ensure that each in-text citation matches up with a full citation placed in your reference list, which may be termed a bibliography or works cited list.
This allows a reader to look at a citation within the text of your paper and then refer to the reference list to find the full details of the citation so that she can investigate the topic further on her own.
Blair has been professionally writing since She is currently a post-doctoral fellow and research consultant. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. It is important to know how to properly cite sources in a research paper. Step 1 Use an in-text citation whenever you are discussing an idea that is not your own.
Tips Ask your professor what style of citations he would prefer you to use when writing your paper. In general, the punctuation for your sentence will go after the in-text citation.
Computer programs are available to handle your in-text citations and reference lists for you.
Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.g., (Clarke ).
Formatting a Research Paper If your instructor has specific requirements for the format of your research paper, check them before preparing your final draft. When you submit your paper, be sure to keep a secure copy.
Proper in-text citations within a research or term paper can make the difference between a passing and failing grade, as failure to provide proper in-text citations . Unpublished conference paper Like a normal conference proceedings, we want to include the name of the entire proceedings, and if there is a specific presentation or paper being cited, include this information as well. We also want to include conference information (name of conference, date, and location) if not [ ].
Writing a paper, especially a research paper, requires you to cite your source for any information or thoughts that are not your own. If you do not, you risk being accused of plagiarism. It is easy to cite your source in-text and there are many ways to do it. It all depends on how many authors or creators the source. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster Chicago Manual of Style This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.